This issue of the Journal of Law and Medicine features an Editorial by General Editor Professor Ian Freckelton QC marking the 25th anniversary of the Journal. It includes the following articles: “When Is It in a Child’s Best Interests to Withhold or Withdraw Life-sustaining Treatment? An Evolving Australian Jurisprudence” – Lindy Willmott, Ben White and Neera Bhatia; “Biosimilars: The Challenges of Novelty, Inventive Step and Sufficiency” – Teddy Henriksen and Jay Sanderson; “The Legal Doctrine of Informed Consent and Renal Dialysis – Do Patients Really Consent?” – Marina Wainstein, Anna Rose Menzies, Frank Patrick Brennan and Mark Ashley Brown; “Building Public Confidence in Medical Registration Revalidation: Reform of Medical Registration Law in Australia, a New Risk-based Approach” – David J Carter, Deborah J Street and Stephen Bush; “Holding Out and Protected Titles – Issues for Non-registrant Complementary and Alternative Health Practitioners” – Michael Weir; “Legal and Ethical Issues Surrounding the Use of Older Children’s Electronic Personal Health Records” – Jacqueline Meredith, Shaun McCarthy and Bronwyn Hemsley; “Changing Law Students’ Ideas about Dis/ability: Can We? Should We? How Would We?” – Anna Cody; “Best Interests and Non-consensual Research” – Brent Hyslop; “How Do Coroners’ Findings in Australian Jurisdictions Apply to Health Care Practitioners within Safety-I and Safety-II Paradigms?” – Nicola Cunningham; “An Analysis of Medico-legal Claims against Dermatologists in Australia from a Single Medical Indemnity Insurer” – Paul Stevenson; “Reproductive Autonomy and Social Sex Selection: A Chance of a Choice?” – Kathryn Boyd; “Freedom of Expression, Belief and Assembly: The Banning of Protests Outside of Abortion Clinics in Australia” – Anna Walsh; “Two Problems of Unburied Bodies” – Robert Shiels; “A Whiter Shade of Grey: Comparisons of the Legal and Professional Status of Tooth Whitening in Three Jurisdictions” – Alexander C L Holden; and “Infection Control Standards in Private Dental Practice” – The Role of Accreditation – Gillian Jean, Alexander C L Holden, Marc Tennant and Estie Kruger.
Also in this Part are the following sections: Editorial: “Health Law: The Past and the Future” – Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: “Computational Modelling, Social Media and Health-Related Datasets: Consent and Privacy Issues” – Bernadette McSherry; Medical Issues: “Responding Better to Desperate Parents: Warnings from the Alfie Evans Saga” – Ian Freckelton QC; Bioethical Issues: “A New Ethical Model of Commercial Surrogacy Arrangements for Australia” – Jeremy Feiglin and Julian Savulescu; Nursing Issues: “Codes of Conduct – A New Era for Nursing and Midwifery in Australia” – Kim Forrester; and Medical Law Reporter: “Australian Senate Committee Report on Transvaginal Mesh Devices” – Chloe Thompson and Thomas Faunce. There are also reviews of the following books: “True Stories from the Morgue” by J Merrick – reviewed by Ian Freckelton QC; “The Trauma Cleaner: One Woman’s Extraordinary Life in Death & Disaster” by Sarah Krasnostein – reviewed by Ian Freckelton QC; and “Tensions and Traumas in Health Law” by Ian Freckelton and Kerry Petersen – reviewed by Bill Madden.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following sections: Editorial: “Doctors Suing Patients: Wrestling with Doing No Harm” – Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: “Supporting People with Decision-Making Impairments: Choice, Control and Consumer Transactions” – Yvette Maker, Bernadette McSherry, Lisa Brophy, Jeannie Marie Paterson and Anna Arstein-Kerslake; Medical Issues: “Novel Psychoactive Substances: The Challenges for Health Care, Analytical Science and the Law” – Victoria Bicknell, Dimitri Gerostamoulos and David Ranson; Bioethical Issues: “Taking the Moral Measure of Mental Capacity: Interpretation and Implementation” – Grant Gillett; and Medical Law Reporter: “Public Health Legislation Prohibiting Sports-Embedded Gambling Advertisting” – Madeleine Farrar and Thomas Faunce.
Also in this Part are the following articles: “Complementary Health Practitioners Disciplined for Misconduct in Australia 2010-2016” – Jenni Millbank, Miranda Kaye, Anita Stuhmcke, David Sibbritt, Isabel Karpin and Jon Wardle; “Professional Discipline of the New Zealand Nursing Residential Care Workforce: A Mixed Methods Analysis of HPDT Decisions 2004-2014” – Kate Kersey, Kate Diesfeld, Lois J Surgenor and Michael Ip; “The Legal System and the Legitimacy of Clinical Guidelines” – Fiona McDonald; “Wastewater Analysis of Substance Use: Implications for Law, Policy and Research” – Jeremy Prichard, Foon Yin Lai, Emma van Dyken, Phong Thai, Raimondo Bruno, Wayne Hall, Paul Kirkbride, Coral Gartner, Jake O’Brien and Jochen F Mueller; “Abortion Law in New South Wales: Shifting from Criminalisation to the Recognition of the Reproductive Rights of Women and Girls” – Christine Forster and Vedna Jivan; “Proprietary Rights in Stored Semen: ‘Roblin v Public Trustee’ and the Commonsense Approach to Stored Human Tissue of Significance” – Madeline Baker; “‘Treatment’ of Intersex Children as a Special Medical Procedure” – Skye O’Dwyer; “Life on the Liminal Bridge Spanning Fertility and Infertility: A Time to Dream and a Time to Decide” – Pamela M White; “Coercive Community Treatment in Mental Health: An Idea Whose Time Has Passed?” – Sascha Callaghan and Giles Newton-Howes; “Blood Libel: An Analysis of Blood Donation Policy As It Affects Gay Men in Australia” – Edward Davis; “Stigma, Homosexuality and the Homosexual Advance Defence” – Anthony Gray and Kerstin Braun; and “The Role of Legal Proxies in End-of-Life Decisions in Italy: A Comparison with Other Western European Countries” – Denard Veshi and Gerald Neitzke. There are also reviews of the books “Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law and Ethics” by I Glenn Cohen – reviewed by Ian Freckelton QC; and “Stem Cell Tourism and the Political Economy of Hope” by Alan Petersen, Megan Munsie, Claire Tanner, Casimir MacGregor and Jane Brophy – reviewed by Ian Freckelton QC.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes an Editorial: “The Right to Sue for Non-Communication or Delay in the Diagnosis of Neurodegenerative Diseases” – Ian Freckelton QC; and the following sections: Legal Issues: “‘My [Electronic] Health Record'” – Cui Bono (For Whose Benefit)? – Danuta Mendelson and Gabrielle Wolf; “The Foundations of the Comparison Forensic Sciences: Report of the President’s Council of Advisors on Science and Technology” – Stephen Cordner, David Ranson and Richard Bassed; Bioethical Issues: “Error and Accountability in a No-Fault System: Maintaining Professionalism” – Rebecca Babcock and Grant Gillett; and Medical Law Reporter: “Seeding Australian Regulation of Genomics in the Cloud” – Elizabeth Abbott and Thomas Faunce.
Also in this Part are the following articles: “Is Australia Well Equipped to Deal with Future Clinical Trials?” – Lisa Eckstein and Don Chalmers; “Is There a Role for Law in Medical Practice When Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Medical Treatment? Empirical Findings on Attitudes of Doctors” – Lindy Willmott, Ben White, Malcolm Parker, Colleen Cartwright and Gail Williams; “The Knowledge and Practice of Doctors in Relation to the Law That Governs Withholding and Withdrawing Life-Sustaining Treatment from Adults Who Lack Capacity” – Ben White, Lindy Willmott, Colleen Cartwright, Malcolm Parker and Gail Williams; “Decision-Making Capacity and its Relationship to a Legally Valid Consent: Ethical, Legal and Professional Context” – Scott Lamont, Cameron Stewart and Mary Chiarella; “Balancing Self-Tracking and Surveillance: Legal, Ethical and Technological Issues in Using Smartphones to Monitor Communication in People with Health Conditions” – Jacki Liddle, Mark Burdon, David Ireland, Adrian Carter, Christina Knuepffer, Nastassja Milevskiy, Simon McBride, Helen Chenery and Wayne Hall; “Primum Non Nocere: A More Proactive Workplace Drug Testing Regime for Australian Medical Practitioners?” – Claire Leyden-Duval; “‘Dealing with the Drink’: A Case for Reviewing Gradual Regulation of Teenagers’ Access to Alcohol” – Brendan Walker-Munro; “Red Bull: Does It Give You Wings or Cardiac Disturbances? Modifying the Law Regarding Energy Drinks in Australia” – Marilyn Bromberg and Justine Howard; “Zolpidem, Complex Sleep-Related Behaviour and Volition” – Marilyn McMahon; “Judicial Recognition of PTSD in Crime Victims: A Review of How Much Credence Australian Courts Give to Crime-Induced PTSD” – Paul McGorrery; “Collision or Collusion? Homicides Staged as Car Accidents” – Claire Ferguson; and “Name Suppression Practices of New Zealand’s Health Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal 2004-2014” – Kate Diesfeld, Lois J Surgenor, Michael Ip and Kate Kersey. There is also a review of the book “Lecretia’s Choice: A Story of Love, Death and the Law” by Matt Vickers – reviewed by Ian Freckelton QC.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following sections: Editorial: “Medically assisted suicide: Recent jurisprudence and the challenges for law reform” – Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: “Mental health legislation (civil) in Australia and China: A comparative perspective” – Danuta Mendelson and Nuannuan Lin; Medical Issues: “Family violence and clinical forensic medicine – The forgotten service?” – David Ranson, Angela Williams, Barbara Thorne and Jennifer Ryan; Bioethical Issues: “Justice, restoration and redress: Error, no-fault and tort-based systems” – Georgina Richardson and Grant Gillett; Nursing Issues: “Nurse-to-patient and midwife-to-patient ratios” – Kim Forrester; and Medical Law Reporter: “NuCoal Resources Ltd v New South Wales: The mining industry and potential health impacts of investor-state dispute settlement in Australia” – Thomas Faunce and Shaneel Parikh. Also in this Part are the following articles: “Refusal of potentially life-saving treatment for minors: The emerging international consensus by courts” – Ian Freckelton QC and Simon McGregor; “How should Australia respond to media-publicised developments on euthanasia in Belgium?” – Neera Bhatia, Ben White and Luc Deliens; “Aid in dying in New Zealand: Recent legal developments” – Andrew Geddis and Colin Gavaghan; “End-of-life decision-making in a health services setting: An access to justice lens” – Katherine Curnow; “Lawyers and advance care and end-of-life planning: Enhancing collaboration between legal and health professions” – Nola M Ries; “Does Australia need compulsory immunisation?’ – Wendy Jane Nixson; “Discharge against medical advice” – Audrey Laur; “The role of photographic and video documentation in the investigation and prosecution of child sexual assault” – Annie Cossins, Amanda Jayakody, Christine Norrie and Patrick Parkinson; “Consent to innovative treatment: No need for a new legal test” – Bernadette Richards and Katrina Hutchison; and “Rethinking the “harmonisation” of international trade and public health” – Ania Lang. There is also a review of the book “Do No Harm: Stories of Life, Death and Brain Surgery” by Henry Marsh – reviewed by Ian Freckelton QC.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine features a special issue on the topic of commercial surrogacy, prefaced with an “Introductory note” by Chief Judge John H Pascoe and followed by five articles which examine some areas of development, regulation and debate: “The regulation of commercial surrogacy: The wrong answers to the wrong questions” – Anita Stuhmcke; “Responsive regulation of cross-border assisted reproduction” – Jenni Millbank; “Commercial surrogacy and the human right to autonomy” – Ronli Sifris; “Genes and gestation in Australian regulation of egg donation, surrogacy and mitochondrial donation” – Karinne Ludlow; “The Family Courts and parentage of children conceived through overseas commercial surrogacy arrangements: A child-centred approach” – Adiva Sifris.
This Part also includes the following sections: Guest Editorial: “Commercial surrogacy: What role for law in Australia?” – Ronli Sifris, Karinne Ludlow and Adiva Sifris; Legal Issues: “Defining seclusion and restraint: Legal and policy definitions versus consumer and carer perspectives” – Cath Roper, Bernadette McSherry and Lisa Brophy; Medical Issues: “The dangers of dementia: Getting the balance right” – Ross Bicknell, Joseph Ibrahim, Lyndal Bugeja and David Ranson; Bioethical Issues: “Lecretia Seales and aid in dying in New Zealand” – Grant Gillett; Nursing Issues: “The role of observation and feedback in enhancing performance with medication administration” – Karen Davies, Charles Mitchell and Ian Coombes; Medical Law Reporter: “Myriad voices against gene patents in the High Court” – Lucas McCallum and Thomas Faunce; and Letter to the Editor. Also in this Part are the following articles: “Medical and scientific authorship: A conflict between discipline rules and the law” – Elizabeth Adeney; “Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders: A consideration of sentencing and unreliable confessions” – Heather Douglas; “Cutting the cord: Can society over-invest in extremely premature and critically impaired neonates?” – Neera Bhatia; “Nazi medical experiments on Australian prisoners of war: Commentary on the testimony of an Australian soldier” – George M Weisz; “A problem of modernity: Dual burial plots, the right to inter, and the interrelationship between the two” – Lynden Griggs; and “Our Father who art in prison: Conviction and rehabilitation for Australian Catholic clergy who are child sexual offenders” – Mike O’Connor. There is also a Book Review of “Critically Impaired Infants and End of Life Decision Making” – by Neera Bhatia.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following sections: Editorial: “The medico-scientific marginalisation of homeopathy: International legal and regulatory developments” – Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: “Disciplinary proceedings against doctors who abuse controlled substances” – Danuta Mendelson; Medical Issues: “Methamphetamine: Where will the stampede take us?” – Danny Sullivan and Michael McDonough; Bioethical Issues: “‘Never regard yourself as already so thoroughly informed’: The withdrawal of its invitation to Rodney Syme to address its 2015 congress by the Royal Australasian College of Physicians” – Malcolm Parker, Ian Kerridge and Paul Komesaroff; Medical Law Reporter: “Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v ACN 117 372 915: Should consumer law regulate doctor-patient relations in a corporatised health care system?” – Jessica Wallace, Ella Pyman and Thomas Faunce; and Letter to the Editor. Also in this Part are the following articles: “Medical teams and the standard of care in negligence” – Carolyn Sappideen; “Prevention of non-communicable diseases in Australia: What role should public health law play?” – Kate Mulvany; “Personal responsibility or shared responsibility: What is the appropriate role of the law in obesity prevention?” – Benjamin Brooks; “Assessing testamentary and decision-making capacity: Approaches and models” – Kelly Purser and Tuly Rosenfeld; “Slice them up or slice them out? Legal liability for operating on the troublesome patient in cosmetic surgery” – Aileen Kennedy; “State intervention in pregnancy: Should the law respond thus to the problem of Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder?” – Emily Gordon; “Criminal injuries compensation: Protecting vulnerable applicants” – Robert Guthrie; “Unwanted pregnancy: The outer boundary of “treatment injury” in the New Zealand accident compensation scheme” – Rosemary Tobin; “Patient’s right to information under the New Zealand Code of Rights” – Kyla Mullen; and “A way through the dark and thorny thickets? The adjudication of “serious injury” under the narrative tests in the Transport Accident Act 1986 (Vic) and the Workplace Injury Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2013 (Vic)” – Jason Taliadoros. There is also a review of the book “A Scientist in Wonderland: A Memoir of Searching for Truth and Finding Trouble” by Edzard Ernst.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following sections: Editorial: “Medicinal cannabis law reform: Lessons from Canadian litigation” – Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: “Support for the exercise of legal capacity: The role of the law” – Bernadette McSherry and Andrew Butler; Medical Issues: “The loss of Malaysia airlines flight MH17: A forensic and humanitarian task” – David Ranson; Bioethical Issues: “Think of the children: Sex selection and child welfare” – Rachael Wong and Grant Gillett; Nursing Issues: “Recognising and responding to the deteriorating patient” – Kim Forrester; and Medical Law Reporter: “Australian Competition and Consumer Commission v Pfizer: Evergreening and market power as a blockbuster drug goes off patent” – Thomas Faunce. Also in this Part are the following articles: “The Australian quarantine and biosecurity legislation: Constitutionality and critique” – Anthony Gray; “States of confusion: Jurisdictional variation in Australian medicines nomenclature” – Denise Hope and Michelle King; “The case for MDMA (ecstasy) regulation” – Joshua Donelly; “Patenting genetic diagnostic methods: NGS, GWAS, SNPs and patents” – Charles Lawson; “Genetic testing of stored tissue from a deceased person to define a relative’s disease risk: Legal and ethical viewpoints” – Loane Skene, Julian Savulescu and Martin B Delatycki; “Double standards: Standards of proof for persons found unfit for trial” – Betheli O’Carroll; “Fitness to stand trial, human rights and possibilities from England and Wales” – Jeanette Stewart, Mary Woodward and Ilana Hepner; “Tasmania’s Reproductive Health (Access to Terminations) Act 2013: An analysis of conscientious objection to abortion and the “obligation to refer”” – Ronli Sifris; “Regulating preimplantation genetic diagnosis in Australia: Disability and parental choice” – Michelle de Souza; and “End-of-life decisions in Malaysia: Adequacies of ethical codes and developing legal standards” – Puteri Nemie Jahn Kassim and Fadhlina Alias. There is also a review of the book “Elder Law in New Zealand” by Kate Diesfeld and Ian McIntosh.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following sections: Editorial: “The privilege against self-incrimination in coroners’ inquests” – Ian Freckelton QC; Legal Issues: “Updating Australia’s pandemic preparedness: The revised Australian Health Management Plan for Pandemic Influenza (AHMPPI)” – Belinda Bennett; Medical Issues: “Cruise control: Prevention and management of sexual violence at sea” – Mike O’Connor; Bioethical Issues: “Clayton’s compromises and the assisted dying debate” – Malcolm Parker; Medical Law Reporter: “Professional misconduct: The case of the Medical Board of Australia v Tausif (Occupational Discipline)” – Caroline Colton; Letters to the Editor; and Book Review: “Human Dignity in Bioethics and Law” by Charles Foster. Also in this Part are the following articles: “Health care justice for temporary migrant workers on 457 visas in Australia: A case study of internationally qualified nurses” – Paula O’Brien and Melissa Phillips; “A delayed inheritance: The Medical Board of Victoria’s 75-year wait to find doctors guilty of “infamous conduct in a professional respect”” – Gabrielle Wolf; “Correcting the record: Australian prosecutions for manslaughter in the medical context” – David J Carter; “Adapting to concurrent expert evidence in medical litigation” – Tina Cockburn and Bill Madden; ““Loss of situation awareness” by medical staff: Reflecting on the moral and legal status of a psychological concept” – Hugh Breakey, Roel D van Winsen and Sidney W A Dekker; “Coroners’ guidelines for health practitioners: Help or hindrance?” – Sarah Middleton; “Unfair employment discrimination of previously depressed individuals” – Kenneth Wei-Qiang Choo and Wei-Liang Lee; “The decision-making of the Mental Health Review Tribunal in New Zealand” – Katey Thom, Stella Black and Graham Panther; “Re-visiting Re X: Hysterectomy, removal of reproductive capacity and the severely intellectually disabled child in New Zealand” – Jeanne Snelling; “An alternative to Zoe’s Law” – James Dalmau.
The latest Part of the Journal of Law and Medicine includes the following articles: “The emergence and popularisation of autologous somatic cellular therapies in Australia: Therapeutic innovation or regulatory failure?” – Alison K McLean, Cameron Stewart and Ian Kerridge; “Re Jamie (No 2): A positive development for transgender young people” – Michael Williams, John Chesterman and Phil Grano; “Australian children living with gender dysphoria: Does the Family Court have a role to play?” – Fiona Kelly; “Storage limits of gametes and embryos: Regulation in search of policy justification” – Anita Stuhmcke and Eloise Chandler; “Barriers for domestic surrogacy and challenges of transnational surrogacy in the context of Australians undertaking surrogacy in India” – Louise Johnson, Eric Blyth and Karin Hammarberg; “Selective reduction of fetuses in multiple pregnancies and the law in Australia” – Colleen Davis and Heather Douglas; “Interstate dispensing: A case for uniform, intuitive legislation” – Nijole L Bernaitis, Michelle A King and Denise L Hope; “Planning law and public health at an impasse in Australia: The need for targeted law reforms to improve local food environments to reduce overweight and obesity” – Caroline Mills; “Compensating for the harms of family violence: Statutory barriers in Australian victims of crime compensation schemes” – Christine Forster; “Mandatory reporting of health professionals: The case for a Western Australian style exemption for all Australian practitioners” – Hon Nick Goiran MLC, Margaret Kay, Louise Nash and Georgie Haysom; and ““CAM-creep”: Medical practitioners, professional discipline and integrative medicine” – Walid Jammal, Cameron Stewart and Malcolm Parker.
The latest Part of JLM includes the following articles: “Unfitness to stand trial decision-making in the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia” – Ian Freckelton QC and Magda Karagiannakis; “Legal risk management and injury in the fitness industry: The outcomes of focus group research and a national survey of fitness professionals” – Patrick Keyzer, Ian R Coyle, Joachim Dietrich, Kevin Norton, Betul Sekendiz, Veronica Jones and Caroline F Finch; “Just a little bit more: When sports scientists cross the line” – Tyler Fox; “Beauty is only photoshop deep: Legislating models’ BMIs and photoshopping images” – Marilyn Krawitz; “Medical use of cannabis in Australia: “Medical necessity” defences under current Australian law and avenues for reform” – Charles Martin; “Patents and the obligation to protect health: Examining the significance of human rights considerations in the protection of pharmaceutical patents: – Olasupo Ayodeji Owoeye; ““Best interests” and withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment from an adult who lacks capacity in the parens patriae jurisdiction” – Lindy Willmott, Ben White and Malcolm K Smith; “Transparency in mental health: Why mental health tribunals should be required to publish reasons” – Alison Smith and Andrew Caple; “Government databases and public health research: Facilitating access in the public interest” – Carolyn Adams and Judy Allen; “The spectre of court-sanctioned sacrificial separation of teenage conjoined twins against their will” – Colleen Davis; and “Judicial virtues and decision-making in the VCAT Guardianship List” – Richard Polkinghorn. Also included in this Part are several section notes, including Legal Issues; Medical Issues; Bioethical Issues; Nursing Issues; and Medical Law Reporter. There is also an editorial, a letter to the Editor and a book review.